Adam was the gardener of the Garden of Eden, which is what the Temple represents, the Place of G-D’s Dwelling. In the Book of Luke, Adam is called, “the Son of G-D.” He was both King and High Priest. The location of the Garden of Eden is the Eternal Place of G-D’s Choosing, Jerusalem. When Adam sinned, he was removed from the Garden of Eden to the east, as a High Priest is removed from the Temple after the abdication of his duty and consequent defilement of the Temple. Access to the Presence of G-D was lost to Adam as with the destruction of the Temple. Access to the Tree of Life was lost and therefore, death came upon Adam and his sons.
Everything that followed was meant by G-D to bring us back to the Garden of Eden, the Place of HIS Dwelling, through a King and High Priest who could properly tend and keep the Garden…
Seth, Enoch, and Noach
Being High Priest and King, Adam’s firstborn son inherited the Priesthood and Kingdom. Because of Cain’s failure as Heir to the Priesthood to bring an acceptable offering and the murder of his brother, Abel, Seth, Adam’s third son, was given the Priesthood and Kingdom. This office was passed from father to firstborn son, through Enoch and to Noach, who, along with his family, was preserved from the flood.
Noach’s firstborn son, Shem, inherited the Kingdom and Priesthood from his father. It is this Shem that the Sages of Israel identify as Melchizedek, meaning, “King of Righteousness.” Shem was both Priest of G-D MOST HIGH and King of Salem, Jerusalem, as was his father, Adam, from whom he received the Kingdom and Priesthood by inheritance.
The Sages of Israel say that during Abraham and Melchizedek’s interaction, written about in Genesis 14, G-D transferred the Priesthood and Kingdom from Melchizedek to Abraham, not through inheritance, but because of Abraham’s personal merit in a sinful and wicked generation. This transference of the Priesthood and Kingdom to Abraham is why G-D promised the Land of Israel, Jerusalem, the Place of G-D’s Kingdom and Temple, to Abraham, and why Abraham was promised numerous descendants, among whom would be the inheritors of the Priesthood and Kingdom.
This is the Covenant G-D made with Avraham.
Yitzchak and Ya’akov
The Kingdom and Priesthood was passed to Yitzchak through Abraham’s legitimate marriage with Sarah, and not to Ishmael, his illegitimate son, although blessings came upon him as well. Yitzchak’s son, Esau, would have inherited the Kingdom and Priesthood from his father, except that he sold his birthright to his brother, Ya’akov, proving himself unworthy of the office. G-D’s Promise of the Land of the Kingdom, the Place of the Temple, and numerous descendants was repeated to both Yitzchak and Ya’akov.
Yehuda and Levi
The Sages of Israel say that Re’uven would’ve received the Kingdom and Priesthood, except that he defiled his father’s bed. Shimon was the only son of Ya’akov who married a Canaanite woman, something which was forbidden to both Yitzchak and Ya’akov for the curse placed upon Canaan and his descendants in Genesis 9. The Sages say that Levi was unworthy of inheriting the Kingdom because of his anger in violence against Shechem and sale of Yosef, his brother. However, the Sages say that Levi received the Priesthood while Yehuda received the Kingdom, something that would only be realized later, in the lives of Moses, Aaron, and eventually, David. It was at this point that the Kingdom and the Priesthood became divided into two separate offices, whereas up until this point they were both inherited by the same figure, in like manner as Adam, Melchizedek, and Avraham, their fathers.
Moshe, Aharon, and Pinchas
Moshe, of Levi, led the people of Israel out of Egypt, and the Priesthood was promised by G-D to Aharon, the High Priest, and his descendants forever. Because of Pinchas’ zeal in avenging G-D’s jealousy, G-D promised the Priesthood to Pinchas’ descendants forever in a covenant of peace.
David and Zadok
After Eli’s failure as High Priest and Sha’ul’s failure as King, G-D promised the Kingdom to David, a descendant of Yehuda, and to David’s descendants forever, by making a covenant with him. During David’s Kingdom, Abiathar and Zadok both served as High Priest together in tandem. When Abiathar joined in Adonijah’s rebellion, Zadok remained loyal to the rightful King of Israel, Solomon. Through the Prophet Ezekiel, Zadok and his descendants were promised the Priesthood by G-D, forever.
In Psalm 110, it is written that David’s “Lord,” the Messiah, will be a “priest forever, according to the order of Melchizedek.”
So who was Melchizedek?
Melchizedek was both Priest of G-D MOST HIGH and King of Jerusalem, as was Adam before him and Avraham after.
So how can the Messiah be “according to the order of Melchizedek,” if the Kingdom is promised through David (Yehuda) and the Priesthood is through Zadok (Levi)?
Only by joining King (“Melech”) David’s line and the Priestly line (“Zadok”) can the Messiah be “according to the order of Melchizedek [Notice the connection between, “Melech,” “Zadok,” and “Melchizedek?”].”
We conclude that the Messiah must come through the descendancy of both King (“Melech”) David and the Chosen Priest (“Zadok”).
Miriam and Elisheva
Do we see Yeshua coming from the line of both David and Zadok?
Yes, we do!
Miriam, Yeshua’s blood mother, was a descendant of David as well as a “close relative” of Elisheva, who is called, “a daughter of Aharon.” This means that Mary descended from both David and Aharon, Yehuda and Levi (as also evinced by multiple ancestors of Miriam’s named, “Levi,” a normal name given in the tribe of Levi). Yeshua’s adopted father, Yosef, was also a descendant of David, although Yeshua did not receive Yosef’s ancestry, being of the HOLY SPIRIT.
Zechariah and Yochanan
We see Miriam’s descendancy from Zadok alluded to by various “Hebraisms” used in the Gospels. For example, it is written about Elisheva and her husband, Zechariah, that “they were both righteous (צדיקים) before G-D (Luke 1:6b).” If Elisheva and Zechariah were descendants of Zadok (צדוק), this is a striking allusion. Also, it was when Zechariah offered incense alone at the altar that the angel Gabriel appeared to him and brought him glad tidings. If Zechariah was not a descendant of Zadok, would the angel have confirmed him in his sin, appearing to him while he was offering incense which G-D said through the Prophet Ezekiel belonged only to the descendants of Zadok? Yeshua spoke to Yochanan, His relative, concerning His own baptism, “Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness (הצדק; Matthew 3:15b).” Yeshua told the chief priests and elders, “For Yochanan came to you in the way of righteousness (צדקה), and you did not believe him; but tax collectors and harlots believed him; and when you saw it, you did not afterward relent and believe him (Matthew 21:32).” The peculiar usages of these words, all with the same root as “Zadok” (צדק), referring to Yochanan and his parents, Yeshua’s relatives, are some of many indications that Yeshua was also a descendant of Zadok, the Rightful Heir to the Priesthood.
Yeshua, the Last Adam
Seeing that Yeshua is called our King tells us that He is from the line of David. So too, seeing that Yeshua is called our High Priest tells us that He is from the line of Zadok, the only rightful inheritor to the Priesthood. Yeshua being both Eternal King of Jerusalem and Eternal High Priest makes Him truly “a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek,” which is also according to the order of Adam. This is why Yeshua is called the “Last Adam,” because He is both the High Priest of G-D’s Temple, and the King of Jerusalem. Yeshua is also the Man who, because of His obedience and Adam’s disobedience, the LORD G-D will take and put “in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it” in the New Jerusalem.
This is why, in the Gospel of John, Yeshua appears to Miriam as a gardener after His resurrection.
He, the Last Adam, is the Husband, the Bridegroom, and that of the New Jerusalem, the Messiah’s True Bride and Wife.